Starting situation

The Egyptian building sector (residential buildings, non-residential buildings, government buildings) accounted for about 26% of the national energy consumption. Over 95% of primary energy demand is covered by natural gas and oil, and needs to be partially imported due to the population's rising demand for energy. Except for hydropower, which accounts for 1.5% of the energy mix, renewable energies have not played a role in Egypt's energy supply. Especially the lighting in non-residential buildings, as well as the heating and air-conditioning of the building areas, have led to a sharp increase in electricity demand. Electricity demand is expected to grow further in the coming years given an annual economic growth rate of 8% (MED-ENEC 2013). Due to the electrification of rural areas, the increasing use of electrical appliances, and the influence of the "Urban Heat Island" effect, the private building sector has become in recent years the national main consumer of electricity.

To reduce the peak load in the power grid and prevent power failures, with which the country is regularly confronted due to the rising demand for electricity and the outdated network infrastructure, the Egyptian government has initiated various measures to save energy. The recognition of the importance of improving energy efficiency in the building sector led to an agreement on mandatory regulations for efficiency measures in the construction of residential, non-residential and governmental buildings. However, since the implementation of the directives has not been enforced, the desired change in the building sector has not yet been achieved. Improvements on the implementation status of pilot projects for the demonstration of technical and economic feasibility of energy efficiency measures aim to be a step in this direction.

Pilot projects

Porto Pyramids (Cairo)

Porto Pyramids
The Porto Group is planning the realization of the project in Cairo, North Egypt. The construction phase has already begun and will offer 16 different unit types, a 5-star hotel, spa and gym, swimming pools, dancing fountain and a club house. The site is located close to major businesses and shopping centers.

Nabta Town

Nabta Town
Upscale Development Holding is planning the realization of the project 45km south of Alexandria, North Egypt. The construction phase has already begun and will offer a neighborhood for business, culture, family, university, commercial purposes and a downtown area.

This project is part of the International Climate Initiative. The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision taken by the German parliament (Bundestag).

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